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S.S. Nieuw Amsterdam, Ship, Cruise Ship, Holland-American Line
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The SS Nieuw Amsterdam
S.S. Nieuw Amsterdam

Career (Netherlands)

Flag of the Netherlands.svg

Name: Nieuw Amsterdam
Namesake: New Amsterdam (New York)
Operator: Holland America Line
Builder: N.V. Rotterdam Drydock Business, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Laid down: January 5, 1936
Launched: April ten, 1937
Christened: April ten, 1937
Maiden voyage: Could 10, 1938
Fate: Scrapped in 1974

Basic traits

Tonnage: 36,287 gross tons (36,667 tons following 1947 refit)
Length: 758 feet (231.five m)
Beam: 88 feet (26.9 m)
Installed energy: Single reduction geared turbines 34,000 shp
Propulsion: Twin screws
Speed: 20.5 knots (38. km/h)
Capacity: 1,220: 556 Very first Class, 455 Second Class, 209 Third Class

The Nieuw Amsterdam was a Dutch ocean liner constructed in Rotterdam for the Holland America Line. This Nieuw Amsterdam, the second of four Holland America ships with that name, is considered by a lot of to have been Holland America’s finest ship.

Initially she was to be named Prinsendam, even so in the course of construction, Holland America Line decided to name their new flagship Nieuw Amsterdam, in honor of the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam, modern day New York.

Building on the new liner was carried out at the N.V. Rotterdam Drydock Organization. Christened by Queen Wilhelmina in April 1937, Nieuw Amsterdam was, at 36,982 tonnes, the largest liner ever constructed in the Netherlands up to that time. Proudly she was dubbed the Dutch &quotShip of peace&quot given that there had been no provisions for feasible war use incorporated in her style.

Interior[edit]

The Nieuw Amsterdam was the Netherlands’ &quotship of state&quot, just as the Normandie was France’s, the Queen Mary was Britain’s and United States was the United States’, and quite a few Dutch artists vied for the honor of creating some element of the ship.

The first-class dining space aboard the Nieuw Amsterdam
Their creation emerged in the spring of 1938, a light-colored and quite spacious ship throughout, and despite the fact that she had spacious public rooms, the colour scheme used gave her an even larger feel. Modern day in every single way, her owners proclaimed her &quotthe ship of tomorrow&quot. She followed the Art Deco trend of the day in each interior decorations and exterior style. The interiors had been distinguished by fluorescent lighting, aluminum motifs, and gentle pastels throughout the ship that produced an understated elegance that would make the liner a favorite amongst seasoned transatlantic passengers.[1]

One of the ship’s centerpieces was the first class restaurant, getting a Moroccan leather ceiling which was adorned by quite a few Murano glass light fixtures, and columns covered in gold leaf. Tinted mirrors, ivory walls and satinwood furnishings all contributed to create the luxurious atmosphere. The restaurant had no portholes or windows facing the open sea, making it rely solely on artificial illumination. This may sound a bit odd, but it was just the identical in the very first class restaurant on board the fabulous Normandie of 1935.[two] There also had been two swimming pools on board, one particular outside and the other indoors on E-deck. It featured high-priced Delft tiling which was an impressive sight.

Passengers should have found it challenging to think they were at sea when in the air-conditioned 1st Class Theater. The deeply cushioned seats commanded an unobstructed view of the stage, and the egg-shaped contour of the auditorium took advantage of the newest in scientific sound-proofing components and amplifying equipment to guarantee best acoustics for concerts, dramatic performances and pre-release motion images. Found at the front end of the Theatre was a striking mural in red, black and gold by Reyer Stolk. The Nieuw Amsterdam was the second ship in the globe following the Normandie to boast a theater, a feature the larger and more rapidly Queen Mary did not have.

A favorite rendezvous of a lot of Nieuw Amsterdam passengers was the handsome First Class Smoking Room with its rich Circassian walnut paneling and deep, luxurious armchairs and settees. Flanked by two enclosed sun verandas extending to the sides of the ship, the Smoking Area had its own modern day bar stocked with a connoisseur choice of fine liquors.

Very first Class staterooms on the Nieuw Amsterdam have been unusually eye-catching, ranging in size from cozy single person cabins to elaborate cabins-de-luxe. The handsome and modern day decorative scheme made the cabins comfy spots for daytime and evening relaxation. All 1st Class cabins on Nieuw Amsterdam had a private bathroom, a special feature which no earlier liner could boast.

Early profession[edit]

On April 23, 1938, the Nieuw Amsterdam set out on her sea trials, which were to take location on the North Sea. Testing her speed and manoeuvring capability, the new vessel turned out to be all that she was supposed to be. Upon her return from the sea trials, the Nieuw Amsterdam was transferred to Holland America ownership and officially registered in the Dutch merchant fleet.

The sleek new liner’s maiden voyage was set for Could ten, 1938, and upon her arrival in New York she right away won adulation and acclaim.

Even though she was neither as big or rapidly as a lot of of her contemporaries, she was to be a well-known liner for the Dutch and was showered with superlatives. Her sleek outline and two slim funnels supplied a striking profile and she quickly garnered a loyal following amid stiff competition from fantastic liners such as Cunard’s Queen Mary and the superb Normandie of the French Line. Regardless of the fierce competition, Nieuw Amsterdam proved to be 1 of the couple of funds-producing vessels of the day.[three]

Wartime service[edit]

The Netherlands’ “ship of peace” was not to take pleasure in the praise lavished on her for extended. Following only seventeen voyages, Nieuw Amsterdam was laid up at Hoboken, New Jersey in 1939 after the German invasion of Poland. She would be idle for only a year, however, and was requisitioned by the British Ministry of Transport after Holland fell to Hitler’s armies. She would devote the remainder of the war years as a troop transport, in spite of the fact she had been constructed without having the consideration of ever being utilized in a military capacity. During the course of the conflict she would transport over 350,000 troops and steam some 530,452 nautical miles (982,397 km) ahead of becoming returned to the Holland America Line in 1946.

Refitting the Nieuw Amsterdam[edit]

The Nieuw Amsterdam triumphantly returned to her residence port of Rotterdam on April 10, 1946. Fifteen weeks have been essential to take away the troop fittings: the specific kitchens, alarm systems, hammocks, and 36 guns.

Then two,000 tons of furniture and decorations had been shipped to the Netherlands from wartime storage in San Francisco. The furnishings had been for the most component in really poor situation, a result of six years of neglect. About 3,000 chairs and 500 tables were sent back to their original builders for reupholstering and refinishing. A single quarter of the furnishings had to be replaced entirely.

Factories and warehouses in Europe combed their supplies for components and fabrics, much of which had been concealed from the Nazis in the course of the occupation. A lot of smaller sized parts, such as hinges and clamps, had to be produced by hand, considering that the machinery that once created them had been stolen or destroyed by the enemy.

The first-class major hall aboard the Nieuw Amsterdam
The whole rubber flooring was renewed, as was nearly all of the carpeting. All of the steel perform was scaled and preserved and all piping cleaned. All ceilings and floors were removed all of the liners 374 bathrooms have been rebuilt. In the passenger spaces the wood paneling, which had been scratched and mutilated, was sanded down to half its thickness and relacquered. All the cabin’s closets and fixtures had been replaced. The whole electrical wiring method was renewed.

Getting been painted over for blackouts and cracked in tropical climates, 12,000 square feet (1,100 m2) of glass was refurbished. Even the hand rails had to be repolished to eradicate thousands of carved initials. The project was monumental, because of the material shortages and the decline of the number of skilled craftsmen.

On October 29, 1947, soon after 18 months at the shipyard, the Nieuw Amsterdam reentered transatlantic service. More than 100 liners were restored with similar efforts.

Post war career and demise[edit]

The Nieuw Amsterdam as a cruise ship
The refit took eighteen months and cost a lot more than her original building, but on October 29, 1947, the Nieuw Amsterdam was lastly back on the transatlantic run. Her passenger accommodations had been slightly altered, and the ship emerged with a gross tonnage some 400 tons bigger than just before, ending up at 36,667.[four]

For the next twenty years Nieuw Amsterdam would take pleasure in a loyal following and economic success. Even when joined by a more contemporary fleet mate in 1959, the SS Rotterdam, the Nieuw Amsterdam nevertheless commanded a loyal following and remained 1 of the most common ships on the north Atlantic. Her several refits in the 1950s ensured she remained in best situation and continued service regardless of her becoming near thirty years of age. In 1967 extreme boiler issues seemed to indicate an end to the venerable liner’s career, nevertheless new US Navy surplus boilers were installed in the course of a sixteen week shipyard period at Wilton-Fijenoord in Schiedam and her profession continued.

Painting of the Nieuw Amsterdam
In the exact same decade jet travel had created continued Atlantic passenger runs impractical, so Nieuw Amsterdam was shifted to cruising in the Caribbean. Soon escalating operating expense and competitors from newer cruise vessels meant an finish to the grand liner’s service career. Nieuw Amsterdam had been an enduring icon on the North Atlantic for the greater portion of three decades—certainly her refined interiors and impeccable service added a lot to her appeal.

The ship sailed to the breakers in 1974

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